The Art of Quotation. Forms and Themes of the Art Quote, 1990 - 2010

Nina Heydemann

ISBN 978-3-8325-4464-5
371 pages, year of publication: 2021
price: 98.00 €
The Art of Quotation. Forms and Themes of the Art Quote, 1990 - 2010
An astounding number of contemporary artists refer to artworks from the past. This is primarily accomplished using the art quote, an artistic medium fulfilling different functions since the beginning of the Avant-garde. While the Dadaists used the art quote as a means of provocation, the Pop Artists to overcome Abstract Expressionism and the Appropriation Artists to address the issue of originality, the question remains to be answered how today’s artists make use of the art quote?

This thesis analyses certain types of forms and themes of the art quote in contemporary art. It thereby draws upon empirically collected data: art quotes created between 1990 and 2010 by contemporary artists from all continents have been categorised and evaluated in order to identify certain patterns of representation. It could be ascertained that in most cases one of the following strategies of representation comes in use: the composition, motive or figure of the artwork being referred to is replaced with something else (strategy of substitution), something is added or taken away from the quoted artwork (strategy of addition or subtraction), it can be multiplied, divided or combined with references to other artworks (strategy of multiplication, division or combination). This research examines these six strategies of representation on the basis of selected examples and offers, for the first time, a method for the systematic categorisation of the art quote phenomenon.

Furthermore, this analysis emphasises the global aspect of quotation by considering the work of international artists mainly referring to a Western European art canon.

cover cover cover cover cover cover cover cover cover
Table of contents (PDF)

Preview (PDF)


  • History of Art
  • Interpictoriality
  • Art Quotation
  • Appropriation
  • Repetition


98.00 €
only 3 in stock

78.00 €
108.00 €
118.00 €

(D) = Within Germany
(W) = Abroad

*You can purchase the eBook (PDF) alone or combined with the printed book (eBundle). In both cases we use the payment service of PayPal for charging you - nevertheless it is not necessary to have a PayPal-account. With purchasing the eBook or eBundle you accept our licence for eBooks.

For multi-user or campus licences (MyLibrary) please fill in the form or write an email to