In order to utilise cooperative signalling in WLANs, the MAC protocol has to be modified. The existing CSMA/CA-based MAC avoids any interference and supports only point-to-point links. To enhance IEEE 802.11n system in a way that multiple users can transmit simultaneously, a novel cluster-based CSMA/CA has been proposed in this work. Our study has shown that the CB-CSMA/CA can significantly improve throughput and reduce delay in different types of infrastructure or ad hoc networks with single-hop or two-hop links. Furthermore, we have shown that throughput of CB-CSMA/CA can further be improved by taking cross-layer parameters into account, when forming the clusters or defining the backoff models.
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