A series of 9,9-dialkyl-poly(fluorene-2,7-diyl)s containing linear and branched alkyl substituents with a molecular weight of up to 200000 g/mol has been synthesized and characterized. Moreover, some of the polymers were end capped with a suitable hole transport functionality, such as a triphenylamine derivative, to improve their charge transport properties and to control the molecular weight. The thermal alignment of these novel polymers on a rubbed polyimide layer led to highly anisotropic film formation with large dichroic ratios (absorption parallel and perpendicular to the rubbing direction). Additionally a set of chiral polyfluorenes has been synthesized and investigated with respect to their chiroptical properties. The degrees of anisotropy in absorption, circular polarized photoluminescence and electroluminescence found with these chiral conjugated polymers exceeded the yet known values by a factor of 200.
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