Accountability Relations in Social Housing Programs. a comparative legal analysis of Brazilian and Chilean case studies
UA Ruhr Studies on Development and Global Governance, Bd. 75
529 Seiten, Erscheinungsjahr: 2022
Preis: 52.50 €
Institutional crises the Latin America are seldom not rooted in the lack of accountability. uman rights’ violations both increase and are increased by those institutional weaknesses. This research evidenced that vicious cycle: despite impressive social housing programs in size and goals, the lack of adequate housing particularly affects the most-poor because of weak legal and institutional structures. The comparison of legal accountability relations in the urban social housing ownership models Minha Casa, Minha Vida, from Brazil, and D.S. 49, D.S. 1, and D.S. 19, from Chile, revealed several of those inconsistencies, but also advised on concrete solutions to their accountability relations inspired by the rights-based approach. Policies fall short on the delegation of responsibilities to duty-bearers, whose weak obligations to inform, justify or respond neutralizes concrete chances of enforcing redress or grievance. Victims of discrimination and without access to the minimum existencial, the most-vulnerable remain marginalized by the system that oughts to care for them. The solution is obvious: the respect, protection and fulfillment of human rights must be used as means and goals of those or any other policies and institutional structures.
Mariana Vilmondes first studied and practiced law in Brasília, Brazil, before coming to Germany in 2011 to take a Master degree in political sciences, sociology and history in the University of Siegen. She then pursued her Ph.D in international development studies at the Institute of Development Research and Development Policy, Ruhr-University of Bochum (IEE-RUB). During that time, she went on field research in Brazil and, among other events, participated in the UN-Habitat PrepCom2, in Nairobi, Kenya, supported by the International Realization Budget of RUB’s Research School. Since March 2021, she works as an underwriter for Deutsche Rückversicherung AG, in Düsseldorf, Germany.