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Statistical iterative reconstruction and dose reduction in multi-slice computed tomography

Studien zur Mustererkennung , Bd. 49

Katharina Hahn

ISBN 978-3-8325-5443-9
206 Seiten, Erscheinungsjahr: 2022
Preis: 45.50 €
Computed tomography is one of the most important imaging methods in medical technology. Although computed tomography examinations only make up a small proportion of X-ray examinations, they do make a great contribution to civilizing radiation exposure of the population. By using statistical iterative reconstruction methods, it is possible to reduce the mean radiation dose per examination. While statistical iterative reconstruction methods enable the modeling of physical imaging properties, the user can also decide freely and independently about the choice of numerous free parameters. However, every parameterization decision has an influence on the final image quality.

In this work, inter alia the definition of the modeling of the forward projection is examined as well as the influence of statistical weights and data redundancies in interaction with various iterative reconstruction techniques. Extensive studies were set up, which challenge the various techniques in every respect and bring the models to their limits. Image quality was assessed using the following quantitative metrics: basic metrics and task-based metrics. The investigation shows that the definition of iterative reconstruction parameters is not always trivial and must always be understood comprehensively to obtain an optimal image quality.

Finally, a novel reconstruction algorithm, called FINESSE, is presented, which improves some of the weaknesses of other reconstruction techniques.

Keywords:
  • Computed tomography
  • Image reconstruction
  • Iterative methods
  • Forward projection
  • Image quality

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