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Oil Droplet Impact Dynamics in Aero-Engine Bearing Chambers-Correlations derived from Direct Numerical Simulations

Forschungsberichte aus dem Institut für Thermische Strömungsmaschinen, Bd. 59/2015

Davide Peduto

ISBN 978-3-8325-4001-2
207 pages, year of publication: 2015
price: 38.50 €
Bearing Chambers in Aero-Engines are located near the rolling-element type of bearings which support the shafts and accomodate the resulting thrust loads. One of the main task of the bearing chambers is, beside an efficient scavenging of the lubricating oil, the cooling of the hot compartments. A very complex two-phase air-oil flow takes usually place in these bearing chambers consisting of oil droplet-laden air flows and shear-driven liquid wall films. The interaction of the droplets with the wall films is significantly influencing the wall heat transfer and the cooling performance of these systems. For this reason, a detailed characterization and modelling of the mass and momentum exchange between droplets and wall films for the unique impingement parameter range in bearing chambers is inevitable.

This scientific report investigates the oil droplet impact dynamics for typical impingement regimes relevant to aero-engine bearing chambers. The application of a Direct Numerical Simulation (DNS) technique based on the Volume-of-Fluid (VOF) method and coupled with a gradient-based adaptive mesh refinement (AMR) technique allowed to characterize the drop impact dynamics during various single micro- and millimeter drop impacts onto thin and thick films. With the help of a special numerical treatment, a self-perturbing mechanism is installed that leads to the correct resolution of the crown disintegration process. The numerical methodology was thoroughly validated using the experimental results of millimeter sized drop impacts onto deep liquid pools. These results were developed with an enhanced back-illuminated high-speed imaging and Particle Tracking Velocimetry (PTV) technique.

New insights into the cavity penetration, the crown's breakup dynamics and the secondary droplet characteristics following a single drop impact have been developed with the help of the isolated variation of different parameters of influence. Particularly the influence of the Froude number, the impingement angle, and the cavity-wall interaction delivered results to date not reported in scientific literature. Beside the advances in fundamental physics describing the drop impact dynamics with the help of the numerical and experimental results, a set of correlations could also be derived. From these correlations, a drop-film interaction model was formulated that is suitable for the parameter range found in bearing chambers.

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Table of contents (PDF)

Keywords:

  • Volume-of-Fluid
  • Adaptive Mesh Refinement
  • Droplet Impact
  • Crown Splashing
  • Drop Sizing
  • Aero-Engine Bearing Chambers
  • High-Speed Imaging
  • Adaptive Mesh Refinement
  • Spray-Film Interaction Model
  • Cavity Evolution
  • Crown Evolution
  • Secondary Droplets

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