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Gender Equality, Pre-accession Assistance and Europeanisation:Two Post-Socialist Countries on their Way to the European Union

Ingrid Röder

ISBN 978-3-8325-1573-7
265 Seiten, Erscheinungsjahr: 2007
Preis: 40.50 €
This dissertation deals with questions of effectiveness of gender equality policies in the process of the Eastern enlargement of the European Union during the accession period 1993 - 2004. The importance of gender equality during the EU pre-accession process is being analysed by looking at the cases of Slovakia and the Czech Republic.

The transformation process after 1989 and the change from communist to a democratic system opened up the possibility for the Europeanisation of the two countries. Similar factors as in the old EU member states influenced their Europeanisation, yet Europeanisation of the candidate countries differs substantially from the Europeanisation of member states because of their communist past, of EU conditionality and the extensive pre-accession strategy.

The political and economic transformation resulted in a backlash in the area of gender equality. Therefore, a misfit between the national and the EU level became apparent. This thesis ties in with the Europeanisation research which sees a misfit between the national and the EU level as a necessary pre-condition for change, but not as a sufficient one. Therefore, it emphasises the importance of domestic influences.

The dissertation looks at Europeanisation through projects; this is an interplay between top-down influences and bottom-up approaches. The EU offers the funds and the possibilities, but the implementation is dependent on the domestic structures within the candidate countries. To facilitate the realisation of these projects, seven Agency and Opportunity Structures are singled out as important.

Keywords:
  • Europäische Union
  • Chancengleichheit zwischen Mann und Frau
  • EU-Osterweiterung
  • Tschechien und Slowakei

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